When I found out that a piece of the AP Government test would be argumentative writing, I was stoked! I often like to use peer scoring and teacher grading so that students feel comfortable with the rubric and understanding exactly what was expected of them. The thesis that students were writing were NOT defensible. The evidence they used was mere quoting. The analysis demanded more. Back to the drawing board we go. We need to work on a 5k.
I need to take that advice.
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I realized that in order for the essay as a whole to be legit, a great thesis was needed. So, I needed to develop a formula for AP Government and in particular, for my students who seem to struggle.
First, I developed a prewriting for the thesis:. During the Presidential campaign, Congressional term limits were a topic, similar to term limits imposed on the office of the president by the 22nd amendment. Develop an argument for or against an amendment imposing term limits on members of Congress.
This may or may not work for your class, but I know that for me, I had to be more specific. End of story. From now on, I will require all socratic discussions to start with this formula.
I plan to build using evidence during the Presidency, and analysis during the Judiciary which all happen within the next few weeks. Not enough? As we prepared students for the CT standardized test in the past, we taught essays using the Kernel Method, outlined in this book. Like Like. This is a really good format. When I was learning to develop theses, this was one of my biggest struggles. I think this has applications outside of the classroom as well, if only we could get people to adapt it.
If you are interested in more, I wrote about argumentative essays as well as how to write a thesis. They are following along with the AP Review, and we are spending time in small groups reviewing what they need as well as me live streaming review of the rubrics, looking at example writing, and practicing. Luckily, we reviewed both required pieces of writing prior to the spring break.
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Arts and humanities. Course summary.How to Write a FREE RESPONSE QUESTION (FRQ) for AP Government (2019)
Foundations of American democracy. Ideals of democracy : Foundations of American democracy Types of democracy : Foundations of American democracy Challenges of the Articles of Confederation : Foundations of American democracy Government power and individual rights : Foundations of American democracy.
Ratification of the US Constitution : Foundations of American democracy Principles of American government : Foundations of American democracy The relationship between the states and the federal government : Foundations of American democracy Constitutional interpretations of federalism : Foundations of American democracy Federalism in action : Foundations of American democracy.
Interactions among branches of government. Congress: The Senate and the House of Representatives : Interactions among branches of government Structures, powers, and functions of Congress : Interactions among branches of government Congressional behavior : Interactions among branches of government Roles and powers of the president : Interactions among branches of government Checks on the presidency : Interactions among branches of government Expansion of presidential power : Interactions among branches of government Presidential communication : Interactions among branches of government.
The judicial branch : Interactions among branches of government Legitimacy of the judicial branch : Interactions among branches of government The Court in action : Interactions among branches of government Checks on the judicial branch : Interactions among branches of government The bureaucracy : Interactions among branches of government Discretionary and rule-making authority : Interactions among branches of government Holding the bureaucracy accountable : Interactions among branches of government Policy and the branches of government : Interactions among branches of government.
Civil liberties and civil rights. The Bill of Rights : Civil liberties and civil rights The First Amendment: freedom of religion : Civil liberties and civil rights The First Amendment: freedom of speech : Civil liberties and civil rights The First Amendment: freedom of the press : Civil liberties and civil rights The Second Amendment : Civil liberties and civil rights Balancing individual freedom with public order and safety : Civil liberties and civil rights.
Selective incorporation : Civil liberties and civil rights Due process and the rights of the accused : Civil liberties and civil rights Due process and the right to privacy : Civil liberties and civil rights Social movements and equal protection : Civil liberties and civil rights Government responses to social movements : Civil liberties and civil rights Balancing minority and majority rights : Civil liberties and civil rights Affirmative action : Civil liberties and civil rights.
American political ideologies and beliefs. American attitudes about government and politics : American political ideologies and beliefs Political socialization : American political ideologies and beliefs Changes in ideology : American political ideologies and beliefs Influence of political events on ideology : American political ideologies and beliefs Measuring public opinion : American political ideologies and beliefs.
Evaluating public opinion data : American political ideologies and beliefs Ideologies of political parties : American political ideologies and beliefs Ideology and policymaking : American political ideologies and beliefs Ideology and economic policy : American political ideologies and beliefs Ideology and social policy : American political ideologies and beliefs.
Political participation. Voting rights and models of voter behavior : Political participation Voter turnout : Political participation Political parties : Political participation How and why political parties change and adapt : Political participation Third-party politics : Political participation Interest groups influencing policymaking : Political participation.
Groups influencing policy outcomes : Political participation Electing a president : Political participation Congressional elections : Political participation Modern campaigns : Political participation Campaign finance : Political participation The media : Political participation Changing media : Political participation.
Mastery unavailable. Resources and exam preparation. Course challenge. Video 8 minutes The social contract Ideals of democracy.Below are free-response questions from AP U. Government and Politics Exams administered before the course and exam were redesigned in If you require an accessible version of any documents on this page, please email Accessibility collegeboard.
We will respond to your email within 3 business days. Be sure to review the Chief Reader Report. In this invaluable resource, the Chief Reader of the AP Exam compiles feedback from members of the reading leadership to describe how students performed on the FRQs, summarize typical student errors, and address specific concepts and content with which students struggled the most that year. Scoring Guidelines. Sample Responses Q1. Sample Responses Q2. Sample Responses Q3.
Sample Responses Q4. Free-Response Questions.
Chief Reader Report. Scoring Statistics. Scoring Distributions. Score Distributions. All Questions. Grade Distributions.
Scoring Commentary. Sample Responses. Sample Response Q1. Sample Response Q2. Sample Response Q3. Sample Response Q4. AP Central. Government and Politics Past Exam Questions.
Scoring Guidelines Scoring Commentary.Advanced Placement AP. As a high schooler, you're undoubtedly on the verge of participating in the democratic process. It's a great time to learn more about the structure and history of our government and how politics actually work. You've probably been taking notes in your AP US Gov class based on your teacher's lectures and what's written in your textbook, but it can be nice to have all the info you need in one place.
This article will give you links to notes on every topic in the AP US Government curriculum along with a few tips on how to study effectively. Due to the COVID coronavirus pandemic, AP tests will now be held remotely, and information about how that will work is still evolving.
These notes may be used throughout the year if you're looking for materials to help you review for in-class tests. It's a smart idea to supplement the notes in this article with more detailed notes from your AP Gov class or a review book. You might find that your review book or textbook outlines certain topics more clearly or contains a more consolidated list of key concepts.
If you're using these notes to prepare directly for the final AP US Gov exam, I recommend taking a full-length official practice test before reviewing them.
You can then decide which topics to target based on where you made the most mistakes on the practice test.
AP Statistics Exam Free-Response Question and Scoring Information Archive
It's more efficient to do things this way rather than reading through all the notes indiscriminately. It's also nice to get used to the format of the AP Gov questions and the timing of the exam before you get too far into your studying. You might discover that you have more issues with timing or question wording than with content knowledgein which case you'll want to focus on doing additional practice questions.
The exam covers six main topicseach of which has several major subtopics. These notes have practice questions that go along with them at the end, which can be used to help you retain the information you read.
You can also look at these detailed political timelines from CourseNotes to put all these concepts in context and see how they've impacted American history. These documents are love letters to democracy that show the Founding Fathers' devotion to political equality for all citizens i. Here are some helpful tips to keep in mind as you look through these AP Government notes. Tailoring your study strategies to the structure of the curriculum and the format of test questions is the first step toward earning a high AP score!
US Government is one of the more technical humanities subjects, so the free-response questions have multiple parts that only require short answers. In most cases, if you give a valid example or definition and a short explanation, you'll earn points. There's no reason to pad your answers with unnecessary fluff or write them in an essay format. Make sure you review plenty of free-response questions and scoring guidelines to get a better idea of what's expected on the test in comparison to, say, a history or literature AP exam.
There are a number of important court cases and legislative acts that have dramatically shaped US politics over the years. Be sure that you understand the most prominent of these before you take the test; they will come up often in both sections. Even if free-response questions don't ask about these cases and acts directly, you might need to use them as supporting examples for other responses.
It's good to have a mental library of the most significant legislative and judiciary milestones in the history of the US that you can access at any point during the test.
I recommend making flashcards for all the acts and cases you need to remember. Questions on Congress and the presidency make up about one-third of the test.Advanced Placement AP.
In this guide, we will lay out a simple step-by-step method for answering AP Government FRQsgo through a real example, and tell you where you can find additional practice resources. Due to the COVID coronavirus pandemic, AP tests will now be held remotely, and information about how that will work is still evolving.
The free-response section lasts one hour and 40 minutes and consists of four questionseach of which is worth Each FRQ is worth raw points.
The free-response questions will ask you to integrate your knowledge of the various content areas covered by the course. This includes analyzing political events in the US, discussing examples, and demonstrating your understanding of general principles of US government and politics. You'll also be asked to examine data from charts, define key terms, and explain the roles that different parts of our government play in the political system.
Presents students with quantitative data in the form of a table, graph, map, or infographic. This question assesses students' ability to perform the following:. Presents students with a description of a non-required Supreme Court Case and its holding.
This question assesses students' ability to do the following:. This section provides a step-by-step process for answering any question on the AP US Government exam. Here's a sample question from the AP Gov Course and Exam Description that I'll reference throughout so you can see how these steps might work in practice:. Free-response questions 1 and 3 will include passages, while question 2 will have an image or a chart with data.
Skim the first and final sentences of the passage or title of the graphic for 2 before you get to the tasks labeled A-C or A-D. This will help you get a rough sense of what to expect in the rest of the question. It's a good idea to read the intros and conclusions to all the FRQs before choosing which one to begin with. Doing this might help build up your confidence and improve your efficiency to start with a question that's easier for you.
In the sample question above, you would read the title of the graphic "Public Education Spending: Amount Spent per Pupil by State in " and then skim the image itself to get a sense of what it's asking you to analyze. Hey, that rhymed! For each task in each FRQ, you're given specific instructions on the type of answer that is expected; these instructions include command verbs that tell you what to do.
It's important to be aware of exactly what the question is asking so you can earn full points. These command verbs are the first words you should zero in on as you approach a question. If you think it'll help keep you focused, you can underline these verbs. Draw a conclusion: Use available information to formulate an accurate statement that demonstrates understanding based on evidence.
Explain "how" typically requires analyzing the relationship, process, pattern, position, situation, or outcome, whereas explain "why" typically requires analysis of motivations or reasons for the relationship, process, pattern, position, situation, or outcome.
Identify: Indicate or provide information about a specified topic, without elaboration or explanation.Aligned with the AP U. This is more than just a PowerPoint. Mini lessons, skill building and enrichment opportunities abound! This content is directly aligned with the AP U. Any AP Government textbook should cover all content included in this purchase. As I was designing these resources, I referenced:.
Increase students' test scores by incorporating Current Events into your curriculum. All rights reserved by author. This product is to be used solely by the original purchasing downloader. Copying for more than one teacher, classroom, department, school, or school system is strictly prohibited. This product may not be distributed or displayed for public consumption in any format whatsoever. Clip art and elements found in this purchase are copyrighted and cannot be extracted and used outside of this file without permission or license.
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Board of Education Engel v.Note that any related adjustments to AP Exams, such as length or content covered, may not be reflected on all AP Central pages. Note: the scoring worksheets use past averages, so the cut score ranges may not fully align with the exam standards.
The May AP U. Government and Politics Exam is also now available as a released, secure practice exam on the AP Course Audit site and as individual secure questions in the question bank. This exam is also accompanied by scoring guidelines and a scoring worksheet. As a reminder, these exams are most appropriate for student practice late in the school year, as the exam date approaches.
Get Real-Time Feedback from Personal Progress Checks Personal progress checks in AP Classroom are a great way to ensure your students are continuing to build mastery of content and skills.
The real-time results can help you and your students prioritize additional practice before the AP Exam. Sign In to AP Classroom. Exam questions assess the course concepts and skills outlined in the course framework. For more information on exam weighting, download the AP U. Scoring guidelines for each of the sample free-response questions in the CED are also available, along with a scoring rubric that applies to Free Response Question 4: Argument Essay, regardless of specific question prompt.
Encourage your students to visit the AP U. Government and Politics student page for exam information and exam practice. The AP U. Government and Politics Exam will continue to have consistent question types, weighting, and scoring guidelines every year, so you and your students know what to expect on exam day. For free-response questions FRQs from the exam, along with scoring information, check out the table below. Be sure to review the Chief Reader Report. In this invaluable resource, the chief reader of the AP Exam compiles feedback from members of the AP Reading leadership to explain how students performed on the FRQs, summarize typical student errors, and address specific concepts and content with which students have struggled the most that year.
Free-Response Questions. AP Central.
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Important Updates. Exam Overview Exam questions assess the course concepts and skills outlined in the course framework.
Government and Politics Exam Day. Exam Questions and Scoring Information For free-response questions FRQs from the exam, along with scoring information, check out the table below. Related Site. Practice Free-Response Questions View free-response questions from and earlier. Exam Practice Related Site. AP Classroom Sign in to access a variety of powerful online tools to help you plan instruction, provide daily practice, highlight growth areas and gaps, and use targeted feedback to help students prepare for the exam.